In general, the terms father and mother refer to the parents of a child. But in the spiritual realm, the term father typically is a reference to God, and that your mother typically is a reference to human authority.
Instruction, is a reference to hearing and learning the principles of truth, while teaching, is generally used to explain and describe the application or use of those principles in one’s daily life.
The form of address, with regard to the son, is symbolic of a teacher and student relationship.
The teacher is the authority, and the student is not the authority. The student is the one being taught. The student lacks wisdom, because he lacks understanding, because he lacks knowledge, because he lacks experience, which is application to the daily life. The student, is the individual without portfolio.
In the student, or the son, is the identification that each and every one of us has, as human beings.
We are all students of life, and we are all students of truth.
One of the very first mandates that God places on each and every one of us, is to hear.
And not only hear, but to listen and learn. And not only to learn, but to apply what we learn, appropriately, and correctly, to our daily lives.
This mandate establishes the authority of parents over their children, with the presumption that the parents are instructing and teaching in truth. Anything taught outside of truth, is a violation by the parents of this mandate.
The child is to listen and learn, and live their life accordingly. Anything outside the proper application of truth, is a violation of this mandate on the part of the child.
For us all, God is the authority, doctrine is the principle, and a spiritual life is the application.
This is something in which nearly 99% of all Christians fail. Because in this day and age there is more interest in the secular ways of life, and the pretense of public appearance, which is phony.
Too many try to put on a front, while in their soul, they are more concerned with how people think or perceive them, then they are of how God thinks of them.
The spiritual life is not taken seriously, and is not thought of as important enough, to set aside their current attitude, and replace it with a genuine humility and honesty of a legitimate spiritual life.
Hearing, requires the discipline and the desire to listen and learn truth.
Forsake, means the spreading or scattering of truth, such that it is diluted down in compromise and unimportance, which is what most people do when they ignore God, Christ, doctrine, and their spiritual life.
And we are told to not forsake, or not disregard this spiritual aspect of our life.