John Introduction

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John – Introduction

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John Introduction

John is the fourth gospel in the New Testament. Written by John, son of Zebedee, brother to James, and referred to as the disciple whom Christ loved. This gospel was written late in the first century. John wrote three other letters bearing his name and he was given the privilege of writing the last book of the New Testament as well as the last book of the Bible. He was the last person to receive revelation of any kind from God. Since the cannon of scripture was closed with the book of Revelation, the only source of divine revelation is the written word and no other source.

The gospel of John was written with the view of Christ as God, Christ as the Word of God, Christ as the manifestation of the written Word, that the source of eternal life comes through believing in Jesus Christ and that there is no other means of eternal life.

This fourth book rounds out the completeness of Jesus who is the Christ, the Savior, the Son of David, the Son of God, the God of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Israel, the creator of the universe, who walked with Adam in the Garden, parted the sea, and hung on the Cross in our place.

Matthew portrays Christ as the King, Mark portrays Christ as our servant, Luke portrays Christ as a man, and John portrays Christ as God. Each perspective is valid and gives the complete picture of our Lord and savior who gave each of us life and gives each of us the opportunity to have an eternal life in heaven with perfect happiness. While the first three gospels stress history and the occurrence of things and events, John gives us more perspective of the mystery and spiritual side of Gods Word. A detailed outline of the book is as follows.

John Outline

I. Prologue. 1:1-18.

II. Christ’s ministry in the world. 1:19-12:50.

A. The testimony of John the Baptist. 1:19-36,

B. The gathering of the disciples. 1:37-51,

C. The wedding at Cana. 2:1-11.

D. The first visit to Jerusalem and Judea. 2:12-3:36,

1. The cleansing of the Temple. 2:12-22,

2. The signs. 2:23-25.

3. The Nicodemus incident. 3:1-15,

4. The issues latent in the Gospel message. 3:16-21.

5. Further witness from John the Baptist. 3:22-30,

6. The credential of Christ. 3:31-36.

E. The mission to Samaria. 4:1-42.

F. The healing of the nobleman’s son. 4:43-54.

G. The healing of the lame man in Jerusalem. 5:1-16.

H. Jesus’ self-defense. 5:17-47.

I. The feeding of the five thousand and the discourse on

the Bread of Life. 6:1-71.

J. Jesus at the Feast of Tabernacles. 7:1-53.

K. The woman taken in adultery. 8:1-11.

L. The self-disclosure of Jesus. 8:12-59.

M. The restoration of the man born blind. 9:1-41.

N. Christ, the Good Shepherd. 10:1-42.

O. The raising of Lazarus. 11:1-57,

P. Jesus in Bethany and Jerusalem. 12:1-50.

III. Christ’s ministry to his own. 13:1-17:26.

A. The foot washing. 13:1-17.

B. The announcement of the betrayal. 13:18-30.

C. The upper room discourse. 13:31-16,33,

D. The great prayer. 17:1-26,

IV. The sufferings and the glory. 18:1-20:31.

A. The betrayal. 18:1-14.

B. Jesus on trial before the Jews. 18:15-27,

C. The ordeal before Pilate. 18:28-19:16,

D. The crucifixion and burial. 19:17-42.

E. The resurrection appearances. 20:1-29,

F. The purpose of this Gospel. 20:30,31.

V. Epilogue. 21:1-25.





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